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Billie Holiday

"Lady Day"
Eleanora Fagan
Eleonora De Viese
Eleanora Fagan Gough

Vocalist, Bandleader, Composer

(1915 - 1959)

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Home or Tribute Pages:

 
ladyday.net
billie-holiday.net
cmgww.com
myspace.com
 

Biographies:

 
DownBeat.com
PBS - JAZZ
AllMusic.com
InfoPlease.com
wikipedia.org
biography.com
airjudden.tripod.com
Jazz.com
 

Articles:

 
U.S. Postage Stamp at thinkquest...
Theater at thebillieholiday.org
"Strange Fruit" at teachervision...
 

Reviews:

 
CD's at villagevoice.com
 

Discographies:

 
billieholiday.be
 

Other:

 
Filmography at imdb.com
Films at nytimes.com
Audio/video at ilike.com
Videos at google
Timeline at google.com
 
Billie Holiday is considered the world’s greatest jazz singer, impossible to imitate but hugely influential. Born into poverty, she worked as a young girl in a brothel where she heard the recordings of Bessie Smith and Louis Armstrong and developed her own singing style. With a small voice and limited range, she could put more emotion into a song and swing it harder with her phrasing than more gifted vocalists. Her early recordings can make you weep, and as she aged prematurely from heroin addiction, alcohol, and abusive relationships, her voice lost much of its elasticity but none of its emotion.

Promoter John Hammond discovered and recorded her with Benny Goodman in 1933 and Teddy Wilson in 1935. After a brief stint with the Basie band in 1937, she toured the South with Artie Shaw’s all-white band in 1938, experiencing racism first-hand. Billie was a musician’s singer, attracting the finest instrumentalists, among them Lester Young whose style on saxophone much resembled Billie’s. They became lifelong friends—she called him “Pres,” short for “The President,” and he named her “Lady Day.”

Billie introduced many songs, among them “Easy Living” (1937), “Fine and Mellow” (1939), “God Bless the Child,” (1941) and “Lover Man” (1944) with which she had a big hit. “Good Morning Heartache”(1945) and “Don’t Explain” (1946) are also inextricably linked to her. An entire book has been written about just one song, “Strange Fruit,” which Billie introduced at Caf? Society in 1939. Its gruesome lyrics by Abel Meeropol are the strongest indictment of racism ever penned.

To perceive the magic that was Billie one need only watch her 1957 television appearance on The Sound of Jazz with Young, Ben Webster, Coleman Hawkins, Gerry Mulligan and Roy Eldridge. Her empathy with “Pres” on “Fine and Mellow” is sheer ecstasy.

- Sandra Burlingame


The Complete Billie Holiday On Verve, 1945-1959

Wynton Kelly, Billie Holiday, Lester Young, Jo Jones, Tony Scott



Love Songs

Billie Holiday



Billie Holiday -Greatest Hits

Teddy Wilson/Billie Holiday



The Lady Sings

Billie Holiday



Lady in Satin

Billie Holiday



The Commodore Master Takes

Billie Holiday



Billie's Blues

Billie Holiday
Reading and Viewing

At Amazon.com you can often buy used for a fraction of the new price


Billie Holiday, William Dufty

Lady Sings the Blues/With a Revised Discography

Penguin Books


Robert O'Meally

Lady Day: The Many Faces of Billie Holiday

Da Capo Press


Donald Clarke

Billie Holiday: Wishing on the Moon

Da Capo Press


Various

Down Beat: Sixty Years of Jazz

Hal Leonard Corporation


Wynton Marsalis, Geoffrey Ward

Moving to Higher Ground: How Jazz Can Change Your Life

Random House Trade Paperbacks


Geoffrey C. Ward, Ken Burns

Jazz: A History of America's Music

Knopf


David Margolick, Hilton Als

Strange Fruit: The Biography of a Song

Harper Perennial


Billie Holiday, Jr., Arthur Herzog

God Bless the Child

Amistad


Carole Weatherford

Becoming Billie Holiday

Wordsong


Holiday, Billie

Billie Holiday Pro Vocal Songbook and Cd for Female Singers Volume 33

Hal Leonard


Louis Armstrong, Danny Barker, Doc Cheatham, Vic Dickenson, Roy Eldridge

Billie Holiday - Ultimate Collection

Verve

DVD


(Includes Count Bassie, Billie Holiday, Coleman Hawkins, Jimmy Giuffre, Red Allen, Lester Young, and Milt Hilton)

The Sound of Jazz (1957)

DVD


Billie Holiday

The Life and Artistry of Lady Day

Music Video Distributors DVD 0265

DVD


Billie Holiday, Carmen McRae

Lady Day - The Many Faces of Billie Holiday (1991)

DVD


Billie Holiday: The Life & Artistry of Lady Day (2002)

DVD


Billie Holiday

Genius of Lady Day

Efor Films

DVD


Billie Holiday

The Lady Day's Life

Stars of Jazz

DVD


Arturo de Cordova, Marjorie Lord, Irene Rich, Louis Armstrong and His Band, Billie Holiday, Woody Herman, Woody Herman and His Orchestra

New Orleans

Kino Video

DVD


Joe Williams, Dave Brubeck, Sarah Vaughan, Thelonious Monk, Joshua Redman

Monterey Jazz Festival: 40 Legendary Years

Warner Home Video

DVD


Diana Ross, Billy Dee Williams

Lady Sings the Blues

Paramount

DVD Biographical film


Duke Ellington, Bessie Smith, Billie Holiday, Cab Calloway, Bing Crosby

Blue Melodies

Kino Video

VHS


Lester Young & Billie Holiday

Lester Young & Billie Holiday

Vidjazz

VHS

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